The Rumuz complements the emphasis on the self in the Asrar and the two collections are often put in the same volume under the title Asrar-i-Rumuz. A.J. Arberry's famous English translation of the Rumuz first appeared in 1953.
Rumuz-i-Bekhudi is addressed to the world's Muslims. Iqbal sees
the individual and his community as reflections of each other. The individual needs to be
strengthened before he can be integrated into the community, whose development in turn
depends on the preservation of the communal ego. It is through contact with others that an
ego learns to accept the limitations of its own freedom and the meaning of love. Muslim
communities must ensure order in life and must therefore preserve their communal
tradition. It is in this context that Iqbal sees the vital role of women, who as mothers
are directly responsible for inculcating values in their children.