I pray to the Lord, to me impart,
There are four sections. The first two are sequences of ghazals in the classical form and the other two are single long poems. Iqbal forcefully expresses his inner convictions and urges the reader to advance himself to achieve progress and prosperity by discovering and strengthening the self. For his ghazals, Iqbal has been compared with the great Persian poets Attar, Hafiz, Sa'di and Jami.
The first of the two longer poems is the Gulshan-i Raz-i Jadid (New
Garden of Mysteries). It alludes to the Gulshan-i Raz, the treatise on Sufism
written in Persian verse by Sa'd ad-Din Mahmud Shabistari. Here Iqbal poses and answers
nine questions on philosophical problems such as the nature of discursive thought, of the
self, and of the relation between the eternal and the temporal. The subject of the second
poem, the Bandagi Nama (Book of Slavery) is the loss of freedom, particularly
spiritual freedom, of an individual or society, and its consequent evils. It is divided
into several sections and touches on the music and other arts of enslaved people, their
religious tenets and the art of reconstructing free men.