Maulana ShaukatAli [1873-1938]

The Ali brothers became firm opponents of British rule under the combined shock of the Balkan wars, and British refusal of university status to Aligarh College in 1913. They were interned for four years during World War I for their pro-Turkish activities. Released in 1919, they led the Khilafat Movement but were again imprisoned in 1921.

In 1923, Mohammad Ali served as president of the Indian National Congress. After giving a soul-stirring speech at the First Roundtable Conference in 1930, he died in London, and as he said "Give me freedom or give me my grave" he did not wish to return to India which was unfree and was buried in Jerusalem.