Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2 - The Life and Times of ‘Allmah Iqbl


Scope of this Biographical Sketch

Influence of His Parents and Family

Events in His Life and Their Influence

---First Visit to Europe

---Second Visit to Europe

---Visit to Afghanistan


---The Condition of Muslim Society

---The Last Five Years

‘Allmah Iqbl's Personality

Period 1 - Before 1905

Period 2 - 1905-08

Period 3 - 1908-30

Period 4 - 1930-38


Explanatory Notes

Chapter 3 - The Philosophy of ‘Allmah Iqbl: Sources and Expression in "Bng-i-Dar"


Section I - Sources of the Philosophy of ‘Allmah Iqbl

---Ancient Phiolsophers and Mystics

---Muslim Philosophers and Sufis

---Original Islamic Literature

---Modern Western Literature

---Nightly Tahajjud Prayers and Meditations, Early Dawn Prayers, Supplications and Wailings to God for Guidance


Section II - Expression of ‘Allmah Iqbl's Thought in "Bng-i-Dar"


---The Controversy of "

Wahdat ul-Wujud" vs. "Wahdat ul-Shuhud"



---Controversy of Aql O Dil (Intellect and Intuition)

---Political Ideology

---Explanatory Notes

Chapter 4 - Preface by Sir Abd al-Qadir, Barrister at Law, Editor "Makhzan"

Chapter 5 - Poems of Period 1 - Before 1908

The Himalayas

The Colorful Rose

The Age of Infancy

Mirza Ghalib

The Cloud on the Mountain

A Spider and A Fly

A Mountain and a Squirrel

A Cow and a Goat

The Child's Invocation


A Mother's Dream

The Bird's Complaint

The Interrogation of the Dead

The Candle And The Moth

The Intellect And The Heart

The Painful Wail

The Sun

The Candle

A Longing

The Morning Sun

The Pathos of Love

The Withered Rose

The Tomb Stone of Saiyyid

The Crescent

Man and Nature's Assemblage

The Message of Dawn

Love and Death

Piety and Ecstasy

The Poet

The Heart

The Ocean Wave

Farewell O World's Congregation

The Suckling Baby

The Portrait of Anguish

Lament of Separation (In Memory of Arnold)

The Moon

Hadhrat Bill R.A.

The Story of Man

An Ode to India

The Fire-Fly

The Morning Star - Venus

The National Anthem for the Indian Children

The New Temple

Mirza Khan Dgh

The Cloud

A Bird And the Fire-Fly

The Child And The Candle

On The Banks of The Ravi

The Traveler's Request

The Ghazals

Do not look at the garden of existence like a stranger

If you had not come I would have had no occasion for contention

O Lord! Strange is the piety of the preacher

I should procure such straws for my nest from somewhere

What can I say how I got separated from my garden

Unusual in state, distinct from the whole world they are

One should not see the Spectacle with the material eye

What should I say how much Longing for dejection I have

The one I was searching for on the earth and in heaven

Completion of your Love is what I desire

When that Beniz opens His Graceful Hand

I bear hardships on myself, I am unconcerned with others

Majnun abandoned habitation, you should abandon wilderness also

Chapter 6- Poems of Period 2- 1905-08


The Reality of The Beauty

The Message

Swm Rm Trath

Addressed to the Students of Aligarh College

The Morning Star - Venus

The Beauty And The Love

On Seeing A Cat In The Lap Of Someone

The Flower Bud

The Moon And Stars

Meeting The Beloved - The Union


The Unfaithful Lover

The Unsuccessful Effort

The Song Of Grief

The Sort-Lived Joy


The Manifestation Of Beauty

An Evening (On The River Necker's Banks, Heidelberg, Germany)


The Message Of Love


Addressed to Abd Al-Qadir

The Island of Sicily

The Ghazals

The life of Man is no more than a breath!

O God ! Teach a little Love to my happy Intellect

The world will know when the flood of conversation will emerge from my heart

Thy splendor is manifest in thunder, in fire, in spark

O worldly congregation! Though your gatherings were attractive

We circumambulate the wine‑cup like the wine's  reflection

Time has come for openness, Beloved's Sight will be common

Chapter 7 Poems of Period 3 - 1908-30

The Islamic Cities

The Star

The Two Stars

The Royal Cemetery

The Morning's Appearance

Tazmin on a Verse of Anisi Shamilu

The Philosophy Of Grief

On Being Presented With A Flower

The Muslim National Anthem

Wataniyat  (Nation As A Poliotical Concept)

A Pilgrim on His Way to Madinah


The Complaint

The Moon

The Night And the Poet

The Assembly of Stars

Strolling in the Celestial World



The Motor Car

The Human Race

Addressed to the Youth of Islam

The Eid Crescent

The Candle and the Poet

The Muslim (June 1912)

In Audience with the Holy Prophet S.A.W.

The Hospital of Hijaz

The Response To the Complaint

The Cup-Bearer

Education and its Consequences

Closeness To Kings

The Poet

The Good News of the Dawn (1912)

The Supplication

In Response to the Request for Writing a Poem On Eid

Fitimah Daughter of Abd Allah - An Arab Girl who was Martyred While Serving Water to the Fighters against Infidels in the Battle of Tripoli

The Dew And the Stars

The Siege of Adrianople

Ghulam Qdir Ruhillah

A Dialogue

I And You

The Poem Based on a Verse of Abu Talib Kalim

Shibli and Hali


Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddique R.A.

The Present Civilization Tazmn Bar Sh’er-i-Faizi (Based on a Verse of Faizi)

In Memory of Mother of Blessed Memory

The Sun's Ray

The Poet Saiyyid Muhammad Jamal Al-Din Urfi, Shirazi

In Response to a Letter


Infidelity and Islam Tazmn Bar

Hadhrat Bilal R.A.

The Muslims and Modern Education

The Princess of Flowers

Based on a Verse of Saib

A Coversation in Paradise

The Din (Includes a Verse of Mirza Bedil)

An Incident of the Battle of Yarmuk

The Din

Remain Attached to the Tree Keep Spring's Expectation

The Night of the Celestial Ascension of the Holy Prophet S.A.W.

The Flower

Shakespeare (William Shakespeare)

I And You


Beggar for Khilafah

Humayun (Mister Justice Shah Din Marhum)

The Travelers' Guide

The Renaissance Of Islam

The Ghazals

O zephyr! Convey my message to the one wrapped in blanket

These songs of turtle doves  and nightingales are merely ears illusion

O dejected nightingale your lament is immature still

Lift the veil from Thy Face and be manifest in the assembly

The spring breeze is flowing again start  singing, O Iqbl

O the much sought after Reality! Some time  appear in material form

No wonder if the garden birds remained fond of poetry even under the net

Though you are bound by cause and effect

Humorous Poems

In the East principles are changed to religion

The girls are learning English

The Shaikh also is not a supporter of  womens  seclusion

O wise man! This is a matter of a few days only

Western education is very encouraging

It does not matter if the preacher is poor

The patient of civilization will not be cured by the gl

Will there be an end  to this, how long should we buy

We poor Easterners have been entangled in the West

 The search, the witness and the thing witnessed are the same

We have lost all material resources

As I tried to commit  suicide the Miss exclaimed

So naive were they not to appreciate the Arabs worth

In India councils are a part of the government

Membership of the Imperial council is not at all difficult

What will be a better proof  of  affection and fidelity

The Shaikh was giving a sermon on the mode of operation

Let us see how long this   business of the East lasts

The cow one day started saying to the camel

Last night the mosquito related to me

This new `verse was revealed to me from the jail

Life may be lost but truth should not be lost

Capital and labor are in confrontation with each other

That eternal rind has  departed from the border of  Shm

One day a dispute arose between the farmer and the owner

Throw them out in the alley

The owner of the factory is a useless man

I have heard this was the talk in the factory yesterday

Though the mosque was built  overnight by the believers

Appendix I. Biographical Notes (Biographical Notes on 82 Personages Mentioned in the Text, and Their Influence on ‘Allmah Iqbl

Appendix II. Glossary of 92 Technical Terms Used in the Text and Explanatory Notes

Appendix III. Bibliography

Appendix IV. Khutbah-i-Hajjat al-Wida by The Holy Prophet S.A.W. (Farewell Sermon of the Holy Prophet S.A.W. at the Last Pilgrimage

Appendix V. Urdu and Persian Verses in Original Whose Translations Appear in the Text